The generalised thickening of the uterine wall is referred to as a swelling uterus. This indicates that the uterine size has increased larger than normal. The uterus of a woman is in charge of carrying the foetus and giving food till the baby is delivered. It has the shape of an upside-down pear and is about the size of a fist. The uterus has usual dimensions of 3 to 4 inches by 2.5 inches. Some diseases, including pregnancy, can cause the uterus to expand. It is typical for the uterus to enlarge during pregnancy (growing of the uterus in size allows the foetus to get space and grow inside). When the uterus enlarges for reasons other than pregnancy, it is a dangerous disorder that necessitates medical treatment. A female may have heaviness in her lower abdomen, and the ailment may potentially result in severe discomfort and bleeding. To know more, book your appointment at the best IVF centre in Gurgaon.
SWELLING UTERUS SYMPTOMS
There are various reasons for uterine swelling, and the symptoms may vary depending on the cause. The following are the most prevalent symptoms:
Menstrual cycle irregularities
Heavy spotting and cramps in the pelvic area
Leg swollenness and cramps
The uterus and the surrounding area under pressure
Hair growth that is excessive
Bleeding following menopause
Discharge from the cervix
Urge to urinate frequently and quickly
Pain during a sexual encounter
Excessive bleeding during menstruation, which may result in anaemia
Putting on weight in the lower abdomen
Gaining muscle mass in the lower abdomen
Skin pallor and overall sluggishness
SWELLING UTERUS CAUSES
It is found in women of reproductive age. The most common visible signs are pelvic heaviness and a bulky lump in the lower abdomen. Still, it is possible that it will go undiscovered for a long time because a diagnosis of an enlarged uterus is not often expected. Routine gynaecological check-ups can aid in the early detection of the condition.
A variety of events might cause the uterus to expand. The following are the most common and well-known causes:
Pregnancy is the most common cause of uterine enlargement. The uterus holds the foetus and provides nutrients to the embryo until it develops into a child. The uterus grows in size as the foetus grows. The uterus can grow from the size of a fist to the size of a watermelon.
Adenomyosis is the generalised thickening of the uterus caused by the endometrium, or the tissue that coats the uterus, moving into the uterine exterior muscle mass. It is a non cancerous disease with symptoms comparable to fibroids. Adenomyoma is a term used to describe a problem that is localised (affects a smaller area). The adenomyoma feels like a fibroid when examined and it may even be mistaken for one on ultrasound. Heavy menstrual bleeding, which causes pain and cramps, is one of the symptoms. Adenomyosis can cause a woman’s uterus to be twice or even triple its normal size.
This syndrome is seen in females over the age of 30, especially those who have had a previous uterine surgical treatment or have given birth through C-section. The specific cause of the illness is unknown; nevertheless, adenomyosis is linked to elevated oestrogen levels. Most women see a reduction in symptoms following menopause, since their oestrogen levels begin to fall at that point.
Fibroids are one of the most well-known causes of a large uterus. Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours that look like little bumps or bulges and can weigh several pounds. They are common in women between the age of thirty to forty and are found along the uterine lining. A few fibroids may not have any discernible negative effects. Others can grow to be so large that they weigh a few pounds and expand the uterus to the point where the lady appears to be several months pregnant. Hormonal fluctuations or genetic abnormalities may contribute to the formation of these tumours.
Fibroids can be asymptomatic or produce painful and heavy menstrual periods. Fibroids also place pressure on the bladder and rectum, creating frequent urges to urinate. Fibroids can cause painful periods, profuse bleeding during periods, lower backpain, and discomfort during sexual intercourse.
Perimenopause is the period preceding menopause. During this period, fluctuating hormone levels may cause the uterus to expand. These are transitory conditions, and the uterus recovers to normal size after the lady reaches menopause. However, it may not always return to its original size, causing additional issues. As a result, it is best to consult a gynaecologist as soon as you notice such a symptom.
PCOS, or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, is a medical disorder that causes the uterus to enlarge. It is the result of a hormonal imbalance that causes an irregular menstrual cycle and endometrial lining loss. During the menstrual cycle, the endometrial lining is typically lost, but in a few women, the uterine lining is not shed, resulting in an enlarged uterus. According to WHO reports, it affects approximately 10% of the women in the reproductive age.
Ovarian cysts are solid or fluid-filled sacs that form on the surface or inside an ovary. Ovarian cysts are typically asymptomatic and disappear on their own. However, in some situations, these structures can cause a variety of health issues, including uterine enlargement. Aside from that, it might cause inflammation, excessive bleeding during periods, back pain, and difficulties passing urine.
CANCER OF THE ENDOMETRIUM
Uterine malignancies can expand the uterus, resulting in a bulky uterus.
SWELLING UTERUS TREATMENT METHODS
Some causes of a large uterus may not usually necessitate treatment. Many people, though, may require pain medication. Contraceptive tablets and intrauterine devices (IUDs) containing progesterone can help with the symptoms of heavy menstrual bleeding. In a few extreme circumstances, women may require a hysterectomy, which is the surgical removal of the entire uterus or a portion of it from the body. The treatment is determined on the underlying cause of the disease. Some of the therapy options are as follows:
Ibuprofen and combined hormonal (oestrogen-progesterone) contraceptive pills can help relieve the pain and heavy bleeding associated with adenomyosis. In some complex circumstances, your doctor may recommend a hysterectomy.
Fibroids that are huge and stretch the uterus will almost certainly necessitate some restorative treatment. Your doctor may advise you to use oestrogen and progesterone-containing contraceptive tablets or an IUD. These medications may slow the growth of fibroids and reduce menstrual bleeding.
Another therapy procedure used to treat fibroids is uterine artery embolization. The idea behind it is to inject small particles into the uterine arteries via a thin tube. This shuts off the fibroids’ blood supply, causing them to shrink and finally die.
A medical procedure, such as surgery, may be required at times. To remove the fibroids, a myomectomy is performed. Myomectomy can be performed using either the traditional surgical approach or laparoscopy, depending on the size and location of the fibroids. Schedule your appointment with the best IVF centre in Gurgaon.