Infertility in women, particularly tubal factor infertility, is a significant public health issue around the world. Untreated sexually transmitted diseases that ascend along the reproductive tract and are capable of causing tubal inflammation, injury, and scarring cause the majority of tubal factor infertility cases. The results of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae as pathogenic bacteria implicated in reproductive tract morbidities such as tubal factor infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease have been repeatedly demonstrated. Improved clinical screening and the prevention of ascending infection may help to alleviate the ongoing problem of infertility.
Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are two common causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility that can be avoided. Around 10-15% of women with chlamydia who are not treated will grow PID. Chlamydia can also cause inflammation of the fallopian tubes without causing any symptoms. PID and “silent” infection in the upper genital tract can damage the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding tissues permanently, resulting in infertility.The majority of women who have gonorrhoea or chlamydia have no symptoms.
Both sexually active women younger than 25 years old, as well as older women with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner with a sexually transmitted infection, should get a chlamydia and gonorrhoea test every year, according to the best IVF hospital in Gurgaon.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that affects both males and females. The urethra, rectum, and throat are the most common sites of gonorrhoea. Gonorrhea can also infect the cervix in women. The most popular ways of transmission of gonorrhoea are by vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Infected mothers’ infants, on the other hand, may become infected during childbirth. The eyes are the most common gonorrhoea symptoms in infants.
If you experience any alarming signs or symptoms, such as a burning sensation when you urinate or a pus-like discharge from your penis, vagina, or rectum, make an appointment with your doctor.
Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacterial-caused sexually transmitted infection (STI). Since many people don’t experience symptoms including genital discomfort or discharge from the vaginal or penis, they do not realise they have chlamydia. Chlamydia trachomatis mostly affects young people, but it can affect men and women of all ages. It’s not difficult to handle, but it can lead to more severe health issues if left untreated. If you have a discharge from your vaginal, penis, or rectum, or if you have discomfort while urinating, see your doctor.
The Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium is most commonly spread through vaginal, oral and anal sex. It’s also possible for pregnant women to spread chlamydia to their children during delivery, causing pneumonia or a serious eye infection in the new-borns.
Being sexually active before the age of 25, having multiple sex partners, not using a condom regularly, and having a history of sexually transmitted infection are all risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis.