What is an ovarian cyst?
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled pockets or sacks that form on the ovary’s surface. Throughout their lives, most women can grow at least one cyst. In most cases, Ulcers are painless and have no symptoms. Ovarian cysts are linked to a woman’s menstrual cycle. Cysts can be painful if they grow to be very high. Pelvic pain (a dull or sharp pain in the lower abdomen), fullness or heaviness in the stomach, excessive bloating, fever, and vomiting are common symptoms.
Every month, your ovaries produce cyst-like structures known as follicles. When you ovulate, your follicles contain oestrogen and progesterone and release an egg. A functional cyst develops as a normal menstrual follicle continues to expand. Functional ulcers are divided into two categories:
Follicular cyst- An egg passes out of its follicle and into the fallopian tube in the middle of the menstrual cycle. When a follicle does not split or release its egg but instead continues to grow, it forms a follicular cyst.
Corpus luteum cyst- When a follicle releases its egg, it begins to produce oestrogen and progesterone in preparation for pregnancy. The corpus luteum refers to this follicle. Fluid can build up within the follicle and cause a cyst to form in the corpus luteum.
A woman’s complications and long-term risk factors are exacerbated by the presence of a cyst. Hormonal imbalances, pregnancy-related symptoms, and endometriosis (a disorder in which the uterine endometrial cells expand outside of the uterus). Some tissues may bind to your ovaries, resulting in a development) and a serious pelvic infection.
Ovarian Cyst removal
Ovarian cysts can be surgically removed by a routine laparoscopic procedure. A laparoscopy is when a surgeon inserts a laparoscope (a small, tube-shaped microscope with a light on the end) into the abdomen by making a small incision. It is a major surgery that comes with its aftermath. Some of the best IVF centres recommend Laparoscopy when a woman is experiencing major difficulties in her lifestyle such as severe pelvic pains or many serious situations, infertility.
While a laparoscopy can save your life, it does come with certain risks that you should be aware of. The cyst can redevelop after surgery in the case of ovarian cysts, as there is no guarantee of recurrence. During the surgery, adhesions on the ovaries and fallopian tubes, as well as the pelvis, can form. During an ovarian cyst removal laparoscopy, there is a high risk of intractable discomfort, pelvic infections, or damage to the bowel or bladder. You can experience any side effects following your surgery. Pressure or discomfort in your lower abdomen for a few days after your procedure, some pain in your shoulders, vaginal bleeding for up to 48 hours, and feeling more exhausted than normal are all possible side effects.
If you don’t have any symptoms from an ovarian cyst, Dr. Kaushiki Dwivedee, the best ivf doctor in Gurgaon, may advise you to only monitor it rather than treat it. Daily ultrasound scan appointments may be needed to see if the cyst disappears or increases in size. Most ovarian cysts can disappear on their own in two to three months if you are under the age of 50.
In addition to all risk factors, the post-recovery period surgery is 8–12 weeks. The patient is asked to avoid any strenuous activities that can put a lot of pressure on the stomach to avoid any mishaps such as lifting heavy weights, sex etc. It is also advisable to quit smoking or excessive drinking habits. There are some guidelines for incision aftercare that are to be followed. In India, there is a very broad pessimistic approach to surgery in general, but with the right diagnosis and treatment, you can get a better life post-surgery, the sooner the diagnosis, the better care.