A couple is said to be infertile if they haven’t conceived after 12 months of spontaneous trial of conception.
In a 28 day period cycle , female ovulates supposedly on day 14 of the cycle counting from day 1 of the period. The egg survives for 24 hours while sperm survives in female reproductive tract for 48 hrs to a week. The most fertile day is day 10th to day 18th of the cycle with couple performing sex at least on alternate days.
In case of subfertility the basic investigations includes testing the functioning of uterus, ovaries, Fallopian tubes and the quality of semen.
The most common reason of infertility is anovulation most commonly caused by PCOD. Most of the an ovulating women can be made to ovulate using clomiphene citrate or letrozole which are cheap oral medicines. Not every infertile couple needs IVF. In a cycle where ovulation induction has been performed the lady is advised to undergo follicular tracking to insure ovulation and thus time the intercourse better.
Ovulation is a part of the monthly cycle. Ovulation occurs when an egg is released into the ovary. Once the egg is released in the ovary, it may or may not be fertilized by sperm. If the egg gets implanted in the uterus from the ovary, then pregnancy begins. If the egg is not fertilized, the egg breaks down, and the uterine lining begins to fall off during periods. It is essential to understand how and when ovulation occurs to conceive or prevent pregnancy. With its help, women can also detect some health conditions.
When does ovulation start?
The menstrual cycle of women is 28 to 32 days. Every month the menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of the period. Usually, the egg is released 12 to 26 days before the next period. Most women start menstruating at the age of 10 to 15 years. At the same time, ovulation occurs between the ages of 45 and 50 or after menopause.
Ovulation begins four days before and four days after the middle of the menstrual cycle.
How long does ovulation last?
The process of ovulation begins with the release of stimulating follicle hormone (FSH) in the body. It occurs between the 6th to the 14th day of the menstrual cycle. FSH helps the egg mature inside the ovary so that it can grow into an embryo.
When the egg matures, the body releases luteinizing hormone (LH), which triggers the release of the egg. Ovulation can begin as early as 28 to 36 hours after the LH rise.
Can you get pregnant only during the ovulation period?
It is not that women can conceive only during the ovulation period. While the egg can be fertilized within 12 to 24 hours after its release, the sperm can stay in the female reproductive tract for up to 5 days in certain situations.
So if you have sex during ovulation or on the day of ovulation, then you can get pregnant.
How many times during ovulation do you get pregnant?
To get pregnant, you only need to have sex during the fertile window. The file window is of 6 days. This includes the day of ovulation and the 6 days that the sperm is in the reproductive tract after the egg is released. This is the period when sex can lead to pregnancy.
Couples trying to have a baby, having sex every day, or a day outside the fertile window can significantly increase the chances of conceiving.
The day of ovulation and the two days after it is the best time to conceive.
If you are not getting periods on time every month, then your ovulation may be irregular, or in some cases, it may also happen that ovulation is not happening at all. In this situation, you can visit Dr. Kaushiki Dwivedee’s clinic for ovulation induction.