Female Fertility | Dr Kaushiki Dwivedee
Female fertility is dependent on the optimal functioning of the uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries of the female.
- Ovaries – ovaries are female gonads that produce the egg, mostly one per menstrual cycle. The quality of egg deteriorates with increasing age of the female.
- Fallopian Tube -The egg needs to meet the Male sperm to produce an embryo. The egg is picked up be Fallopian tubes where the fertilization takes place, which means that Fallopian tubes shouldn’t be blocked.
- Uterus – The embryo is transported to the uterus where it gets implanted and develops in a fetus for 9 months ultimately leading to the birth of a live baby.
For these processes to happen efficiently, the hormone production in the pituitary and hypothalamus, two glands in the brain should be happening optimally.
Fertility decreases with increasing age, pelvic infections, endometriosis, fibroids, PCOD, hypothyroidism, etc.
Any female with conditions that might compromise fertility should meet the Fertility specialist sooner than later when planning a pregnancy.
Nowadays many women are unable to become a mother after having unprotected sex. Due to lack of fertility, a woman is unable to conceive. Apart from this, physical problems, lifestyle, hormonal problems, aging, etc., are responsible. To check female fertility, doctors do testosterone, progesterone, prolactin, LH, thyroid, oestradiol tests, etc.
Why is a Female Fertility Panel done?
The Female Fertility Panel is used to detect the decrease in the fertility of the body. Apart from this, due to infertility, irregular menstruation and irregular ovulation start. Rapid weight gain or loss can lead to infertility in women.
The following symptoms are seen when there is a hormonal problem.
For example, feeling tired, excessive or excessive weight gain, acne, hair loss, etc.
Ovarian cysts can cause pain in the lump in the cyst due to the decrease in women’s fertility.
Uterine enlargement, pelvic pain, excessive menstruation, etc.
Preparing for the Female Fertility test
There is no special preparation required for the female fertility test. But before the test, it is necessary to give complete information to the patient, such as – taking any kind of medicine or have already suffered from any disease or use of birth control pills, irregular menstrual cycle, smoking addiction, etc., should not be hidden. These habits affect the result of your test.
To get the test done, wear half-sleeved clothing to make it easier to collect blood samples. For the LH test, doctors recommend not taking birth control pills. The doctor may take a blood sample during menstruation. Talk to your doctor about taking any kind of medicine.
For prolactin and testosterone tests, a sample is taken from the patient’s arm in the morning, and for this, the patient is advised to eat something at night. This is why prolactin testosterone levels are higher in the morning. However, before these tests, you are advised not to take hormone medicines, antifungal medicines. This affects the result.
Suppose the doctor advises the woman not to take the contraceptive pill, to test for progesterone, LSH. These drugs affect the result more. Therefore, if you take any medicine, then talk to the doctor openly so that the doctor can give you the right advice.
How is the Female Fertility Panel done?
During female fertility, a blood sample is taken from a vein in the patient’s arm. However, it is usually like a blood test. To perform this procedure, a tourniquet barrier is first placed on the arm. Now the injection site will be cleaned so that there is no risk of infection. A blood sample is taken from the arm through a syringe. There is a slight pain when the needle is inserted, which goes away on its own. When the doctor collects the sample, the tourniquet is also removed. Cotton is applied to stop the blood. The blood sample is sent to the laboratory for examination.